Symptoms & Diagnosis

Symptoms of CKD would be:  drinking water excessively, urinating more often, inappetence, weight loss, lethargic, mouth ulcers and an odd ammonia odor to their body.  If you see any of these symptoms, a trip to the vet asap is important. There, your vet will perform a complete examination and order the following blood work:

~  Chemistry Panel:  this shows the creatinine, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), potassium, phosphorus and liver values (all of which are important to monitor throughout the CKD journey).

~ Complete Blood Count (CBC):  this will show all red blood cells, and white blood cells.  It will also show if your pet is anemic (which can be part of CKD).  From the CBC, infections can be seen and treated accordingly.

~ Urinalysis is a routine test that reports the physical and chemical properties of urine.  It is used mainly to assess the health of the kidneys and urinary system, but it can also reveal problems in other organ systems and is important for diagnosing metabolic disease such as diabetes mellitus.  The Urine Specific Gravity test will help confirm kidney disease.  

~ Ultrasound is used by many veterinarians to determine the size and texture of the cat's kidneys.  The length of a normal kidney should be 3.8-4.4 cm, and the surface is smooth and regular.  Kidneys affected with CKD usually are small, and may have altered surface contour.

There are 4 stages to kidney disease, and I have listed those stages below: